Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Napoleon Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words - 1

Napoleon - Essay Example kled was enormous, and Napoleon Bonaparte was exceptionally successful in shadowing the unrests belief systems for the main fragment of his calling while additionally mounting to tremendous matchless quality himself. As Bonaparte Napoleons incomparability inside France and afterward into Europe increased, Napoleon began to go astray from the French progressive standards and made foundations indistinguishable from those the French progressives had attempted to nullify. Napoleon, as a freebooter, changed his standards from radical to traditionalist to reformist dependent upon what befitted him at that point. This paper will endeavor to demonstrate the degree to which Napoleon’s residential arrangements depended on the 1789 French Revolt’s standards. The 1789 French upset altered the course of French just as quite a bit of Europe’s history, the antiquated medieval living being was wrecked and the association of the French’s society was significantly modified rendering to the philosophies of fairness, club and freedom. Benefit was part as the premise of society; the decision class was not pardoned from charge framework. Furthermore, the country’s people basically crushed feudalism. Recently excepted individuals were occupied with political issues for the absolute first case, the democratic open was loosened up, and the legal code was changed. Numerous grievances held by work power just as the bourgeoisie‘s supporters were settled, and trust was reestablished in the midst of the radicals that enduring change could be made for the social arrangement of France and Europe as well (Lyons 34). In the period from 1789 to 1799, various endeavors were detailed to initiate a constitution, which would place in the standards of the radicals. Established domain from 1789 to 1791 crumbled on account of contrasts in the midst of Louis XVI and the radicals concerning the Church that went under assault attributable to its past rejection from obligation, just as counter-progressives who introduced a significant danger to the revolt (Stiles 104). The risky

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Challenger Explosion :: essays research papers

On January 26, 1986, perhaps the best fiasco within recent memory happened. The bus, Challenger, exploded before a live crowd. The space dispatch was being communicated over the United States live from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This dispatch was one of the most advertised dispatches because of the principal non military personnel going into space and furthermore that the dispatch had been postponed multiple times previously.      The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission itemized that the dispatch occurred on January 28, 1986 at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The skis about Kennedy Space Center were clear and the sun was out in the sky. Anyway the day was freezing the temperature was just somewhat above freezing. This dispatch would have been the coldest that NASA had ever propelled previously. The hour of lift off was 11:38 AM Eastern Standard Time, this was the point at which the 25th transport crucial off and headed towards space.      The differing seven-part team of the Challenger made it very media neighborly on the grounds that a non military personnel was going into space. The crewmembers were Commander Francis Scobee, Michael Smith, Ellison Onizuka, Ronald McNair, Judith Resnik, Gregory Jarvis, and Christa McAuliffe. NASA needed to attempt another extreme methodology by attempting to revive the fervor that once had encircled the space program. NASA imagined that if an ordinary American resident were included, they could convey the fervor of room travel to the American open. President Ronald Reagan settled on the decision that the principal standard American to go into space would be an instructor. NASA and President Reagan imagined that one of America’s instructors would be the best contender for the outing since educators can impart to individuals and get them intrigued and amped up for nearly anything.      The transport could never make it into space as it detonated just seventy-three seconds after lift off killing each of the seven individuals from its team. The blast was accused on the O-rings, a lot of gaskets that fixed the joints between the rocket promoter areas. They flopped due to being presented to chilly climate. At the point when the O-Rings bombed the twin sponsor rockets isolated and not many off, the van lodge isolated and fell ten miles into the sea. Individuals who watch the tape at around one second after start could see dark smoke originating from the correct Solid Rocket Booster (SRB). The dark smoke recommended that some kind of oil that fixed the O-Rings was being singed.

Thursday, August 6, 2020

Creativity Boost How to Really Think Out-of-the-Box

Creativity Boost â€" How to Really Think Out-of-the-Box An entrepreneur is someone who is more than just a business owner. If one is considered an entrepreneur, he/she continuously develops new ideas (niches) for the market. Creativity, that is defined as a process which results in a both original and worthwhile product or a service of a sort, is somewhat synonymous to entrepreneurial endeavors. The competition increases (both in numbers and in innovativeness) as the market broadens and complexities. It is crucial for an entrepreneur to step up the game so as to achieve full potential of his /her business.Creativity spurs new ideas, and new ideas bring new products/services. Additionally, an innovative approach can decrease one’s costs and/or improve the quality of the business as a whole. All these add to the competitiveness on the market. However, it is not always easy to be creative or to ‘think outside the box’, especially when one’s livelihood depends on it.We believe that, by an encircled understanding of the creativity proc ess and its building blocks, any (and every) entrepreneur can improve his/her creative skills and become less dependent on the occasional ‘A-ha!’ moments that is, once an entrepreneur apprehends the elements of creativity, the process and its results will be more easily obtained in the future (and will rather be consciously and continuously instigated than accidental and sporadic). © Shutterstock.com | DooderIn the following article, we will go through the most important elements of the creativity boost process and discuss the question of thinking out-of-the-box. Conclusively, we will present some guidelines that might help a (future) entrepreneur on his/her journey of creation. Read through sections 1) Elements of Creativity, 2) The ‘Box’ and how to Transcend It and 3) Tips for a Creativity Boost â€" and leap forward!ELEMENTS OF CREATIVITYRestrictionRestriction is important for the creativity process because if one does not set some parameters within which ideas will be looked for, the endless opportunities will diminish the quality of creative work. If some self-imposed focus is made, the ideas will be more detailed and fruitful as well as more applicable.Re-ConceptualizationNumerous studies show that re-conceptualization is common among creative minds. It is a creative process in itself because it generates an innovative attitude towards the project one is working on. Basically, re-conceptualization is a step back from the project and its re-evaluation. It provides a wider yet more specified view of the theme and shapes the future stages of the process.For example, an entrepreneur is working in the niche of chair-production and wants to start a new project. He/she does not have any ideas on what kind of project he/she intends to start working on except that a new model of a chair is to be made â€" and that the end purpose is for it to bring customer satisfaction and profit to the business. Before starting on the idea forming process, he/she will re-conceptualize the project itself. Rather than naming the general results he/she wants to achieve (customer satisfaction and profit), one asks himself/herself: “Do I want this chair to bring customer satisfaction solely by its design/comfortableness? Do I want to try to balance these two elements? What kind of design would people find enjoyable? Which specter of people do I want to tar get with this product?” If an entrepreneur asks oneself these questions, creativity process has begun. Moreover, a solid base is made for some guidelines to head already towards the focus of the project.Distribution and ArrangementMany creative minds agree on the fact that separation between research and the actual work is unavoidable if quality results are in mind. It is advisable to spend some time just observing and collecting impressions regarding a theme â€" or just noticing consciously everything around us. After some time, one should begin to formulate ideas. Lastly, upon deciding on the specific project that is to be followed through, one should get to work. All these things should be done separately because if done simultaneously they cause chaos â€" or at least an idea not formed to its full capacity. The mind must be focused on the objectives of each stage to generate beneficial results.ImaginationImagination is what is (especially in the business world) referred to as the ‘thinking outside the box’ approach to idea formulation and project realization. As it is an extremely important element of the creativity process, we will address it separately and in more detail in the following section.Surpassing a Creative BlockEven the most creative (and fruitful) individuals occasionally experience the dreaded ‘Block’. It manifests in the complete incapability to produce ideas. The feeling of being stuck can be difficult to surpass if one does not take time to evaluate what are its causes. Sometimes the mind is too closed to a particular idea while at other times a person is simply tired, and the environment does not support the type of work that needs to be done. It is best to differentiate sources primarily on whether they are external or internal. Bearing this in mind, one should try to deduct what might be the essence of the problem so the appropriate solution can be applied.External ‘Blockers’: If the problem is recognized as external, one should simply re-organize. Mostly the external sources have something to do with the workplace and/or ambiance. It is important to work and create a productive environment. These are dependent on individual inclinations and should be addressed as such. Factors such as temperature and the amount of light can be extremely important for a creative process. Make sure that the temperature is not too cold or too warm and adjust the lighting to your preferences. Most people, however, find slightly dimmed lighting to work best for creative brainstorming. Moreover, it is important to exclude interruptions while in the process. Ideas that are yet to be completely formed can quickly evaporate from the mind (you have to be able to focus on what you are doing).Internal ‘Blockers’: On the other hand, some sources of the creative block are of internal origin. Sometimes the mind just does not work the way we want it to. It is important to evaluate the issue. However, one of the things that pro ve to be most successful in treating mind block is the physical (and psychological) detachment for a certain time interval. If you are not capable of starting your creative engines, you should try to focus on something else, or rest. Your mind will continue to work on the project subconsciously which will result in a better starting state to work with later. A thought (any thought) suffices to bring forward a great idea. However, thoughts that are not left to grow independently rarely reach their potentials and become the idea. Your sub-consciousness is what deals with these thoughts. After some work has already been done, one should turn to daydreaming and naps as an incubator for what was achieved so far â€" this way the project will grow in its natural course.THE ‘BOX’ AND HOW TO TRANSCEND IT‘Think outside the box’ is an expression used in marketing, management, engineering, psychology and creative arts as well as an approach to self-growth since 1970s. It originates from the ‘nine dots’ puzzle that was used at the time as a creativity test in management. In order to solve the puzzle, one has to employ lateral thinking skills (or develop them). Such skills can be immensely beneficial in the creative process because they generate original (and quality) solutions (ideas).What is the ‘Box’?The assignment that was given to the examinees was constituted out of nine dots on a white surface. The dots were arranged as three in a horizontal and vertical row. The directions stated that all dots must be connected by four consecutive lines without lifting the pencil from the paper.Experience showed that most people view non-existing boundaries around the dots and thus will not search for a solution beyond them. It so happens that these boundaries form the simplest encirclement of the external dots, that is, these imaginary boundaries form the geometrical shape of the box.It has been proved that, once the boundaries are surpassed, most people find the so lution easily â€" because in order to fulfill the assignment, lines must be drawn from the ‘external’ space (which is not external in itself, only viewed as such by the human brain).In the psychological sense, the imaginary ‘box’ in the puzzle is immensely symbolic. It is almost as if we can visualize the box within which our thinking is confined. Moreover, it can be felt that beyond these lines lay endless opportunities.The ability to transcend the norms of conventional thought is something that makes all the difference in regard to the market. As we stated in the introduction, competitiveness is stronger than ever, and entrepreneurs must come up with new and strong ideas in order to secure their place on the market. The process must be ongoing because it is not easy to keep that position once it has been obtained.We are using the term ‘transcend’ because we feel it incorporates in itself a connection between what is (that is, the box) and what could be (the world of id eas outside of it). The ‘box’ is a solid structure from which the transcendence occurs. However, implementation of the ideas which can be obtained must include a structure of a sort. Hence, ‘the box’ is not viewed as something pejorative, rather a constructing element (as is the world of ideas outside of it) of a balanced wholeTranscending the ‘Box’!The process of learning how to ‘think outside the box’ is actually pretty simple. People tend to find it difficult because they view creativity as something abstract. However, all people are equally capable of being creative, some by nature, other by experience (practice). In this section, we will present basic principles of thinking which stimulate inventiveness.Lateral ThinkingLateral thinking refers to an approach to problem solving which differs from standard ones (solving problems in a step by step pattern â€" vertical logic; having a large amount of ideas without intent on their implementation â€" horizontal imagina tion). It uses creative and indirect ways to produce new ideas from existing ones.A process of lateral thinking can look something like this: The entrepreneur we have mentioned in the paragraph on re-conceptualization could have approached his project in the manner of lateral thinking. His/her starting point could have been to extract a random object or a word and try to associate it with the term of a chair. For example, a word could be ‘magistrate’. The image that might come in mind as a bridge between the two words might be a comfortable black chair in an office filled with books. The entrepreneur would examine if that would be one of the ways to steer his/her project. If not, he would focus on other images, or other words and/or objects.AbsurdityExposure to absurd patterns causes the mind to work in overdrive â€" in the attempt of understanding something so far from the ‘normal’. With sufficient amount of experiences the mind will in itself become broadened and more crea tive (it has witnessed how wide the specter of imagination can be and thus expands towards what is possible to imagine).View of the OtherExpanding imagination can be obtained through observation of other. By other we mean other realities, experiences and emotions of people who actually exist or fictional characters. It is important to develop awareness of the diversity which surrounds us in order to create something original yet usable.View for the OtherPeople tend to come up with more creative and complex ideas if they are assigned to come up with something as if they were someone else (or for someone else). This happens because a psychological detachment occurs, and one’s mind becomes instantly more innovative.ExperienceEveryone can make at least some amount of changes in their life so as to broaden experience. The result of it is like with all of the other elements we have stated above: a mind that experiences, observes and is frequently surprised, begins to operate on these pa tterns. Consequently, more creative ideas are born.TIPS FOR A CREATIVITY BOOSTIn addition to thinking patterns we have stated above, in this section we will present some guidelines on how to enhance creativity in practice.Risk Taking: Entrepreneurs must come to terms with the possibility that their endeavor might not work. More importantly, they must try nonetheless (if it is something that they truly believe in). The risk they are willing to take might fail but also might bring enormous success. For example, Larry Ellison, the founder of Oracle, and one of the wealthiest people in the world, built his business on risks. When he was starting his business, he promised potential customers features that did not exist and demand their incorporation from developers afterward. Moreover, he hired unqualified staff and educated them during the process. His creative approach not only to his customers but also towards his team resulted in wealth of over 50 billion dollars.Walking: Numerous st udies show that walking stimulates the brain for creative productivity. During the physical activity, the mind produces more diverse and innovative solutions to problems (Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple, had a practice of the so-called ‘walking meetings’). Moreover, exercise, in general, enhances cognitive abilities.Learning: Acquiring knowledge not only related to one’s own field but from many other and different angles skyrockets creativity productivity. Moreover, it can result in creation of a separate niche in the market. Entrepreneurs who combine their work with their passions tend to create exceptional products and services.Innovation in everyday life: Implementing new things ever so often will not only prevent an entrepreneur (and his/her employees) from falling into a rut (which is the dead end street of management) but will subtly instigate the spark of creation. If a manager of a business decides that every week there will be a workplace informal thematic gatheri ng and that ever employee will be in charge of organization of such a party at some point (however, no one knows when will it be, or even where will it be), he simultaneously improves the atmosphere at the workplace (and increases the connection between employees) and induces a creative process in all of his workers. Continuous inducement of innovation on a informal level will produce results in the formal ones as well.Creativity should try to find its channels in self-growth and passion, in confidence in one’s abilities to create something exceptional and with acceptance of the uncertainty of the future. The least thing that can be obtained is a lifetime of creation â€" and that is not little at all. In the end we have to keep on trying and believe that the reward we are looking for is close by (while other rewards will be acknowledged retrospectively).

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Aristotle s Views On Politics - 980 Words

Politics is a political philosophical work by Aristotle, a fourth century Greek Philosopher, logician and scientist. Along with his teacher Plato, Aristotle is considered as one of the most influential ancient thinkers of political theory in western civilization. Therefore, it is important to understand the gist of his work Politics from our perspective. Influenced by Plato’s Republic and Laws, Politics presents synthesis of lifetime political thoughts and observations. The philosopher attempts to answer many questions such as; the relation between states and people, harnessing the best life style of citizens, best education, type of constituents, democracy, inequality and slavery. These are crucial topics in present world politics as†¦show more content†¦Becoming biased towards Greek, he supports slavery. Aristotle relates citizenship with holding of public office and administration of justice. According to him, those are citizens whose parents were also citizens. Th is depicts Aristotle being conservative philosopher of Greece where citizenship was given to only privileged class. He opposed the idea of citizenship to foreigners, slaves and women. According to him, the latter group of people don’t have moral and intellectual skills to hold public offices. One of the remarkable issues in Politics is about good citizen and good men. According to the work, good citizen and good men are different things. Good citizen knows how to rule and how to obey. A good man is one who is suitable to rule. But a good citizen knows how to rule abiding by the rule.Therefore, for Aristotle, citizenship was a matter of moral training as well. Another important aspect of Politics is its explanation about constitutions. There are 6 types of constitutions. Among them, three are just and three are unjust. A constitution becomes just when it benefits all in the city-states while the same becomes unjust if it benefits the ruler only. He considers the mix of democracy and oligarchy will allow the best constitution. In Books IV to VI, Aristotle moves towards the practical examination of political institutions. He found the differences between needs of city-states due to differences in wealth , population distribution andShow MoreRelatedAristotle s View Of Politics Essay1454 Words   |  6 Pagesorder to understand what Aristotle means when he says man is a Zoon politikon it is essential to understand the concept and reasoning behind his writings of The politics as a whole. This essay intends to discuss Aristotle s view of politics through the way in which he layers the fundamental concept of hierarchy of humans and natural societies to show that man by nature works for the common good. I will also discuss the conflicting views between the works of both Aristotle and Hobbes in orderRead MoreAristotle s Views On Politics1031 Words   |  5 Pageswhere Aristotle’s is coming from. Aristotle looked for solutions in a Universal manner. Basically, the principles and solutions for correctn ess comes from the idea that they have to be natural more than conventional. The idea of the good from Aristotle’s point of view comes from observation, he believed that the good is the final cause(there are three others that will be discussed), and that everyone can understand judgement and collective moral action. Aristotle also believed that people need toRead MorePlato And Aristotle s Views On Politics And Society1090 Words   |  5 PagesPlato and Aristotle are philosophers that both have an idea of an ideal state but they have their differences. While there are benefits to each of their views on politics and society, there are also many negative things about their views. Some of their negative views were realistic at one point in time but few are the same in today s society. Although I don t fully agree with either philosopher, I would have to side with Aristotle overall. The two philosophers had many differences but they wereRead MoreAristotle And Plato s Views On Politics And Morality Essay1480 Words   |  6 PagesThe purpose of this essay is to discuss whether politics should be focused on morality with reference to the political thinkers, Aristotle and Plato. Aristotle and Plato have two fundamentally differing views on politics and how it links to morality. Morality to Aristotle and Plato will be analysed through their version of how politics utensils morality to carry out legislation or create a universal manner carried out by the citizens. To achieve this, this essay will examine the following pointsRead MorePlato s Interpretation Of Utopia1630 Words   |  7 PagesPlato and Aristotle shared many differences despite also sharing a teacher student relationship. This essay will strive to establish their understandings of reason and the role reason plays in their comprehensions of politics, differentiating between the kinds of reason and politi cs produced as a result. Plato is regarded as the first writer of political philosophy while Aristotle is recognised as the first political scientist. Plato’s interpretation of Utopia is founded upon the existence of threeRead MoreComparing Aristotle And Niccolo Machiavelli Essay1698 Words   |  7 PagesThe term political scientist has been used to describe both Aristotle and Niccolo Machiavelli, but does that term do the work of either man justice? From the outset it is very easy to see the philosophical differences between the two men and their visions of the political system(s). It is fairly obvious that both men were products of their times, Aristotle coming from the end of the Golden Age of Greece and Machiavelli coming from end of Medieval Europe, but in both cases their ideas and advice haveRead MoreAristotle s Realism Philosophy And Philosophy1590 Words   |  7 PagesRealism is an educational philosophy; furthermore it is a teaching that stresses knowledge that develops from one s own sens es.in my opinion this is great idea for educational philosphy, because it shows that sense deveolpement is the realest possible learning to have. Under this philosophy the idea exists that there is a real world not constructed by human minds, that can be known by one s own mind. It is through experiencing the world around everyone in which one learns the guiding principles andRead MoreEssay on Machiavellis The Prince: Politics, War, and Human Nature1334 Words   |  6 PagesMachiavellis The Prince: Politics, War, and Human Nature [I]t is necessary for a prince to know well how to use the beast and the man. (Machiavelli, The Prince, p. 69[1]). In this swift blow, Niccolà ² Machiavelli seems to strike down many visions of morality put up on pedestals by thinkers before his time. He doesnt turn to God or to some sort of common good for his political morality. Instead, he turns to the individual?more specifically, self-preservation in a position ofRead MoreHow Does Machiavelli Bring Us From A Medieval View Of Politics Of Power And Interests?1402 Words   |  6 PagesThe platform for political science brought to us by Aristotle, had structuralized the forms and functions of government with little attention to conflict. Whereas, in Machiavelli’s work, we explore new notions of statecraft concerning power, fear and interests. Machiavelli’s work is pulled together from thousands of years’ worth of written history and studies of conflict compared to Aristotle’s work, circa 3 50 B.C. concerned with proportion and constitutions which consists mostly of observationsRead MorePolitical Philosophy, By Steven Cahn1197 Words   |  5 PagesIn Steven Cahn s book, Political Philosophy, The Essential Texts, philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau created the circumstances to enable the fundamental principals of philosophy and politics. These knowledgeable, astute and significant men have helped to achieve the structure of our past and present democracy as well as a plan of action for the rights and values that we as citizens can all relate to today. They are grounded in their thinking and tied together

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Education And Pursuing A College Education - 924 Words

In society today, education and pursuing a college education is stressed to kids today like never before. It’s almost impossible to escape the idea that college is the best option, from commercials, parents, and teachers it’s drilled into their minds constantly. It’s now a common belief that the American dream is unattainable without the completion of college. The truth is, these days it almost is unattainable without a degree, trying to get a job interview or a high paying salary in this job market without higher education is nearly impossible. A college degree is now more important than ever. When choosing to enroll, many fear leaving school with quite a bit of debt, which brings up a several concerns regarding if the degree is really worth it or will that big investment really pay off? The answer to that really lies in where one goes to school and what for, but overall, the success of accomplishing the goal of a degree leaves one far ahead of those who opt for just a high school education. Not all schools are the same, the more selective the school the more salary after graduation, but even the lowest earning degrees from a university still out earn a diploma. This is shown to be true in Mark Schneider’s Baccalaureate and Beyond survey. The point of the survey was to find the lifetime earnings for bachelor’s degrees by type of institution. He found that those who attended more selective schools had three times the lifetime earnings premium of those who received a degreeShow MoreRelatedPursuing Higher Education : College Essay1199 Words   |  5 PagesPurs uing higher education (college in this instance) is a very popular choice among high schoolers these days. Every boy and girl in high school either dreads or looks forward to the college experience. The one who look forward to it are usually excited about the new experiences or the partying opportunities. Those who dread it are usually worried about the workload, or being away from home. The bottom line is deciding what going to college is all about. I believe it is more than just about gettingRead MorePursuing A College Education : Is It Worth It?1492 Words   |  6 PagesJohn McKeown AP Language, Period G Ms. Hasebroock December 4, 2014 Pursuing a College Education: Is It Worth It? Due to some recent events in my life, I have been strongly contemplating on whether or not college is the right choice for me. My father went to college at St. Norbert College in DePere, Wisconsin and shortly after he received a job as a clerk at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. He slowly worked his way up to a trading position in the pit, which can be potentially very rewarding. WhenRead MorePursuing A College Education Right Out Of High School962 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Pursuing a college education right out of high school is an important decision—one of the most important things to consider facing young adults. Traditionally speaking, the responsible consideration would be to continue educational momentum into a college or university setting. While parents of college-age students can provide guidance and direction on the perceived correct path, the commitment and determination falls on the shoulders of the student—requiring much contemplation in makingRead MoreBenefits Of Getting A College Education1303 Words   |  6 PagesAs the price to attend college increases throughout the years many young adults are experiencing increasing difficulty in being able to pay for such an endeavor and many more are beginning to question whether or not it’s worth the price due to the faltering of the economy. The price tag may be the most common concern about getting a college education but another important factor that many students consider when applying for college is how much time they will need to devote to school. Many prospectiveRead MoreThe Value of a Liberal Education1802 Words   |  7 Pagessociety we view education as many things, but among the many views and opinions of education there are two major views we see that stand out, education is a right for all and education is necessary only for finding a successful career. To be more exact, it is a college education that is or should be available to all and is only necessary for securing a successful job. But before we even begin to think about a job or whether we want to pursue our God-given right to higher education we must first startRead MoreEssay on Value of Higher Education626 Words   |  3 Pagesidea that reading opens your mind up to new worlds. Such can be the same with a higher education. Education is a way to develop mentally and morally. Often we think about the financial benefit of a college degree. But what about things obtained that do not have a monetary value? There are things that we gain through the experience of college that otherwise, we may not. When you decide to attend college, you often have an idea of a field of study that you would like to follow. This is somethingRead MorePursuing A Higher Education At A University Or Other Institute993 Words   |  4 Pageshigh school, the choice between pursuing a higher education, joining the military, or jumping straight into the work force comes into play. Depending on the person’s goals and mindset, the choice between the three may be difficult. While these are all different options, choosing to follow into a higher education at a university or other institute can play a key role in a successful career for the future. The downfall of continuing with any sort of higher education lies heavily on the various pricesRead MoreMy Strong Latino Accent Is Important For Our Unique Capabilities That We Have Within Ourselves893 Words   |  4 Pagesdiscourage ones ideas, but one should not see their comments as a discouragement, rather see it as a form of motivation. Besides gr owing personally and professionally, I was able to grow academically this year, as I embark college. As a first-year college generation, I knew that college was going to be challenging. However, I did not expect Biola to push my capabilities in such ways that will result making me growth academically by embarking new ways to growth critically, intellectually, and analyticallyRead MoreReading Response of In the Basement of the Ivory Tower1116 Words   |  5 Pagesinstructor of English in a community college wrote this journal to discuss a very controversial issue: Is that important or necessary for everyone to continue a high level education in college? The ideal of equal opportunity gives the access for all the students to pursue the college education in the United States. However, due to the lack of knowledge or skills, some of the students are not qualify to pass the college education somehow. For many of the students, â€Å"college was not a goal they spent yearsRead MoreMakin g A Decision For A Higher Education Essay1729 Words   |  7 PagesMaking a decision for a higher education can be challenging.   But, understanding the ROR (return on investment) can be an influencing factor to a good decision in pursuing a higher education.   An economic evaluation displays an ROI (return on investment) for an analysis.   An economic evaluation that broadly considers how to optimize the production of particular outcomes within budgetary constraints, given certain inputs, can guide such choices (Hummel-Rossi Ashdown, 2002).   However, there must

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Structure of Education from Early Years to Post-Compulsory Education Free Essays

The structure of education from early years to post-compulsory education Entitlement provision for early years education. As part of the every child matters agenda and the Childcare Act 2006 every child aged 3 4 is entitled to receive part time early years education of up to 12. 5 hours per week for 38 weeks of the year to ensure that they receive up to 2 years free education before reaching school age. We will write a custom essay sample on The Structure of Education from Early Years to Post-Compulsory Education or any similar topic only for you Order Now The characteristics of schools school governance. All schools are seeking to enforce expectations in terms of meeting the national curriculum. Under the National Curriculum there are four Key Stages to education: Foundation4 year olds Key Stage 15 to 7 year olds Key Stage 27 to 11 year olds Key Stage 311 to 14 year olds Key Stage 414 to 16 year olds Mainstream State Schools All children in England aged 5 to 16 are entitled to free education at a state school, most go to state schools. Nursery school: 3 to 4 year olds Reception: 4 year olds Primary: 5 to 11 year olds (Key Stage 1 2) Secondary: 11 to 16 (Key Stage 3 4) There are 4 main types of state school: Community schools, Foundation Trust schools, Voluntary aided schools, Voluntary Controlled schools. Community schools These are run owned by the local authority cover all 4 Key Stages. Foundation Trust schools Foundation schools are run by a governing body which employs the staff and sets the entrance criteria. Land and buildings are owned either by the governing body or by a charitable foundation. Trust schools are similar, but are run together with an outside body – usually a business or charity – which has formed an educational trust. Voluntary aided schools Voluntary-aided schools are religious or faith schools. Just like foundation schools, the governing body employs the staff and sets the entrance criteria. School buildings and land are usually owned by a charity, often a church. Voluntary Controlled schools Voluntary-controlled schools are a cross between community and voluntary-aided schools. The local authority employs the staff and sets the entrance criteria, like a community school, but the school land and buildings are owned by a charity, often a church, which also appoints some members of the governing body. Specialist schools State secondaries often specialise, which means they have an extra emphasis in one or two subjects. Schools can specialise in: the arts, maths and computing, business and enterprise, music, engineering, science, humanities, sports, languages, and technology. Special schools Special schools are for the education of students with special needs that addresses the students’ individual differences and needs. This could involve the individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, accessible settings designed to help learners with special needs achieve a higher level of success in school and community than would be available if the student were only given access to a typical classroom education. State schools with particular characteristics There are a number of schools within the state schools system with particular characteristics, some may have different admission criteria or funding arrangements but as with other state schools admissions are coordinated by the local authority. Academies Academies are independently managed schools set up by sponsors from business, faith or voluntary groups in partnership with the local authority and the government Department for Children, Schools and Families. City Technology Colleges These are urban-based, independently managed secondary schools geared towards science, technology and the world of work. They offer a range of vocational qualifications as well as GCSEs and A levels. Community and foundation special schools Pupils at a special school have usually been assessed and given a statement of special educational needs (SEN). These may include learning disabilities or physical disabilities. Some special schools are funded by the local education authority. These could be community, voluntary-aided or controlled, or foundation special schools. Some special schools are independent. Faith schools Faith schools are mostly run in the same way as other state schools. However, their faith status may be reflected in their religious education curriculum, admissions criteria ; staffing policies. Grammar schools Grammar schools select all or most of their pupils based on academic ability. Maintained boarding schools Maintained boarding schools offer free tuition, but charge fees for board ; lodging. Independent schools An independent school (also referred to as a private school, or in England as a public school) is a school that is not financed through the taxation system by local or national government and is instead funded by private sources, predominantly in the form of tuition charges, gifts and long-term charitable endowments, and so is not subject to the conditions imposed by accepting state financing. Free schools Free Schools are normally brand-new schools set up by teachers, charities, community or faith groups, universities and groups of parents where there is parental demand. They will be set up as Academies and will be funded in the same way, directly from central government. They also share with Academies a greater control over their finances, the curriculum, and teachers’ pay and conditions. Post 16 options for young people adults. There are more opportunities now than ever before when it comes to post 16 education, previously pupils aged 16 or over either left school and started employment or stayed on to continue their studies. There has been an increase in government funding of education for 14-19 year olds and in particular a focus on reducing the number of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET) post 16. Just under an estimated one million 16 to 24-year-olds (979,000 in total) are considered NEET, according to official figures published in August, of these, around 186,000 are aged 16-18. If you are aged 16 or 17 and coming towards the end of a school or college course, the â€Å"September Guarantee† means that you’ll definitely be able to continue learning. The September Guarantee Under the last Labour government the guarantee was as follows: * Full or part-time education in school, sixth form college, independent learning provider or further education (FE) college * An Apprenticeship or programme-led Apprenticeship, which must include both the training element and a job or work placement * Entry to Employment (E2E) * Employment with training to NVQ level 2 By 2013 all pupils will be required to continue in education or training to at least 17 years of age although under new governments this could change. How to cite The Structure of Education from Early Years to Post-Compulsory Education, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Death And Maiden Essay Example For Students

Death And Maiden Essay The Polanski film Death and the Maiden is a wonderful and intelligentinterpretation of Ariel Dorfmans human rights problem play. Polanski hasproduced, in this film, an exceptional piece of direction, in which his ownpersonal, emotional input is evident. The main theme of the play is an extremelypersonal one for both playwright (and scriptwriter) and director. Both Dorfmanand Polanski have had to face and flee the horrors of dictatorship and humanrights violations: Dorfman in Chile, under General Augusto Pinochet, andPolanski in Poland under the Nazis. But despite this similarity in pastexperience, significant differences exist between the original play and thefilm. Apart from the specific techniques of lighting and composition, whosepossibilities are greatly widened in the medium of film, we see differences inboth the different emphases and implied viewpoints on the various themes thatthe play touches on and, perhaps more importantly, the way the characters areportrayed. While the ol d concept of whatever doesnt kill you makes youstronger is present in both the play and the film (particularly in thecharacterisation of Paulina), it is much more prevalent in the movie. We can seePaulinas strength from the start. As she strides confidently around the houseand violently tears off a piece of chicken, the suggestion that she is unsuitedto the domestic position which she has obviously been forced into by the sideeffects of her traumatic experience need not be made any clearer. Althoughpossessing remarkable strength in both texts, the movie shows a much stronger,almost completely masculine Paulina. This Paulina has been almost entirelydefeminized by her ordeal, physically, symbolised by the scarred breast and herdesire to adopt a child, which also serves as a glimpse of the vulnerableelement of womanhood in her character that still remains. Throughout the bout ofverbal jousting that goes on in the opening scene Paulina is able to hold herground much more firmly than she appears to do in the play. In Polanskisversion of the scene she actually manages to use her domestic role to gain powerin the argument, fiercely flinging the dinner in the bin. Weavers powerfulacting conveys the unmistakable tension associated with an incredible amount ofsuppressed anger. It is not until the following scenes, when she is finallyconfronted with the cause of that anger, however, that we see its full magnitudeand destructive potential. In the surreal, dim lighting of her bedroom Paulinais shaken by a strangely disturbing laugh upon recognising Roberto Mirandasvoice as that of her tormentor. This moment sees the birth or manifestation ofanother facet of Paulinas character, the part of Paulinas mind thatfantasized about doing to her torturers what they had done to her. This is theunbelievably unreasonable Paulina; she is a Fury, a mythical deity, theembodiment of vengeance, unsusceptible to male logic or opportunistic, careeristrationalisation. Polanski makes Paulina th row the car over the cliff-edge. Indoing this she is not only destroying a phallic symbol, and thus underminingRobertos sexuality and any claims he has on sexual dominance or superiority,she is destroying a perfect symbol of the male thirst for power and control, andthe pragmatic logic to which her need for revenge has been sacrificed, into theinfinite, chaotic abyss that defies all these principles, and unquestionablyswallows it up. In doing this she breaks the railing, civilized society hascreated to guard itself from that chaos, allowing those forces of suppressedrage to escape. Polanskis Paulina re-enters the house, a different person. Illuminated by typically horror-movie-style lighting. Her sharply focused face? lit by an almost electric blue with harsh shadows cast across it,highlighting her features ? contrasts strongly against the blurry background. Having bound Roberto, she is physically empowered by the gun (P: as soonas I drop the gun all discussion will ceaseyoull use your strength to winthe argument) to act aggressively. The gun is another phallic symbol;hence much of this aggressive behaviour takes on a sexual quality. UnlikeDorfmans play, Polanski does not try to make us accept, without a struggle,the simple truth that to victimize our tormentors is to sink to their level. Weget the general feeling that Polanski is much more sympathetic to Paulina andthe type of justice her injuries call out for. In Polanskis film adaptation,far from being driven by blind rage, Paulina is the only character that takesresponsibility for her own actions, and cares little for the self-interestedconsiderations of consequences. She has already faced the worst consequencespossible, and seems, by that experience, to have acquired a terrifyingemancipation from the restraints they can impose. While Dorfman givesGerardos logical pragmatism some cre dence, casting him as the voice ofreason, for Polanski he stands for the blissfully unaware certainty ofprinciples untested by experience. Gerardos clichà ©d maxims are theluxuries of a man who has never faced the reality of his enemys power. However, the film is not a justification of Paulinas actions, a simplerevenge fantasy. Despite the satisfaction of Paulinas brand of justice, shecant, when faced with Robertos honest confession and the fact that he toois human and has his own reasons for doing what he did, push herself to killhim. In fact I am not sure that killing him was her intention when she lead himto the cliff, she understood the almost unbearably painful truth when she firstdecided that no revenge satisfy For all the ragecontained in the film (significantly more than the play), and its portrayal ofPaulina, there is a certain helplessness to the film, and a disturbing truth inits unresolved ending. One might argue that Polanski ? in making Roberto givean overall much more genuine confession at the end of the film than Dorfmanprovides in the play ? is falling into the Hollywood trap of offering a simpleresolution to its many moral conflicts and thus making it accessible to a wideraudience. I believe this circu mstance serves a very important purpose,emphasized by its juxtaposition with the very last scene. It underlines thisimportant impotence in the films ending: the fact that despite her havingfaced her demons Paulina has been permanently changed by her ordeal. Andalthough she may have reclaimed Schubert in that she can nowsit in a concert hall and listen to the music, the music will never be able totell her the same things again. And even if Roberto is not there in person (ashe is in the final scene) he will always exist as a vague presence, aphantasmagorical shadow on her soul.